How to do Research?

Basic steps in the Research Process

A quick and efficient technique for writing a research paper is demonstrated in the following sections. You may need to modify these steps, depending on your experience with the subject and the difficulties you face along the way.

Phase 1: Define and improve your subject matter

The most difficult part of a research assignment may be to pick a subject. Since this is the first ever process of writing a document, It is necessary for it to be managed properly. Here are some suggestions for choosing a subject:

  • Inside the boundaries set by the task, select a subject. Your teacher will also send you specific guidance about what you can and can not write about. If you fail to work under these guidelines, your suggested paper will be considered inappropriate by your teacher.
  • Pick and read more about a theme that is of professional values to everyone. If you are writing about something which you find fascinating, the research and information of a paper would be more pleasant.
  • Pick a subject where a manageable amount of knowledge can be found. To decide whether existing sources will fulfil your needs, do a detailed inspection of data sources. You may need to restrict your focus if you find too much data; if you find just enough, you may have to expand your scope.
  • Only be unique. Every year, your teacher reads thousands of research papers, and many of them deal with the same topics. Rank out in your classroom, by choosing an intriguing and off-the-beaten-path subject from your contemporaries.
  • Just didn’t put up with a subject to write about? For guidance, see your teacher.
  • It can help to state it as a query once you have defined your subject. You can define the main principles or topics that can be used in your analysis more easily by presenting your topic as a query.

Phase 2: For details, also do detailed inspection

Do a competitive analysis to decide if there is enough knowledge out there for your requirements before starting your work in detail and to set the framework of your research. Look for keywords in the relevant titles in the reference list of the library, such as encyclopedias and reference books , other outlets, such as our book library, newspaper databases, and online services on the Internet. In your class notes, articles, and accommodation readings, additional background details can be accessed. In view of the resources available to you, you will find it appropriate to change the emphasis of your subject.

Phase 3: Search resources

You may begin to locate material on your subject with the course of your research now clear to you. There are a variety of sites you can look for information: Do a topic check in the Aleph Catalog if you are searching for books. If the subject search does not yield sufficient results, a keyword search may be carried out. The quotation details (writer, description, etc.) and the place (contact detail and catalogue) of the material are printed or written down (s). Notice the position of distribution. Look at the books stored nearby when you find the book on the rack; similar goods are often scrapped in the same place. The Aleph catalogue also indexes the audio-visual collections in the library.

Moreover, to  locate articles in magazines and journals, use the online functional list of the institution. Choose the most suitable resources and templates for your specific subject; ask the library staff at the Information Desk if you need help finding out which system best meets your requirements. Many of the documents are in accessible style throughout the libraries.

To find material on the Internet, use search results such as Google Scholar etc. and topic folders. For helpful topic links, search the internet clarification portion of the NHCC Webpage.

Phase 4: Determine your references

Your instructor expects you provide the reliable, trustworthy and reliable information, and you have every right to demand the same information to be collected by the resources you use. When using Internet services, this phase is particularly important, many of which are known to be less than reliable.

Phase 5: Render annotations

Consult your preferred tools and mention the details in your document that would be helpful. Incase, if there is a risk that you will not use the specific incident, be sure to record all the references you use. When making a bibliography, the creator, description, distributor, Link, and other details will be required later on.

Phase 6: Draft your article

Start by organizing the data that you have gathered. The next step is the revised version, in which you get your ideas in an incomplete manner on paper. However, This move will help you organize your ideas and decide the form that will be taken by your final document. After that, as many times as you deem appropriate, you can revisit the draught to produce a final product to turn in to your instruction.

Phase 7: Correctly post your source

Where praise is due, show gratitude; share your sources. There are two reasons for referencing or recording the sources used in your study: it gives the authors of the references used sufficient credit, and it helps those who are reading your work to replicate your research and find the sources you have identified as guides.

Phase 8: Formatting

Formatting the article you have produced is the final phase. After, Scroll through all the article and check the pronunciation, syntax, and sentence structure for any mistakes. Ensure that the references you have used are correctly cited. Make sure you have clearly mentioned the idea that you want to get through to the audience.

Further tips for research

  • Continue to work from novice to expert — first seeking basic information, then using more detailed references.
  • Don’t ignore print reports — digital files are always easier to access and as useful as online tools.
  • Ask your teacher if you have concerns about the project.
  • Ask the library staff if you have any concerns about locating things in the collection.


read more on How to write a Research Paper?

How to write the literature review of a research paper?


We are pleased to have Dr. Bano as Our Guest Author. She is PhD in Chemical engineering and have many distinctions for her outstanding performance in Research. She is winner of Many national and International Scholarships.

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