How to write a literature Review of a Research Paper?

What is a Literature Review?

A literature review is study of academic sources on a particular subject. It offers an overview of existing knowledge, enabling you to recognize hypotheses, approaches, and gaps in current research that are important.

Writing a summary of literature requires identifying applicable publications (such as books and journal articles), examining them objectively, and describing what you have found.

Five Main Steps of Writing a Literature Review

  • Check for literature that is important
  • Assess sources
  • Identify trends, discussions and differences
  • Outline the layout
  • Write your study of literature

Not only does a good literature review summarize sources, additionally, it analyses, synthesizes and critically assesses to provide a clear analysis of the overall of knowledge on the subject.

Why should you compose a review of literature?

You may have to perform a literature review before you write a thesis, dissertation, or study paper to situate your research within established knowledge. in addition, the study of literature provides you with an opportunity to display your familiarity with the subject and the scholarly background. Also it helps in understanding how to develop for your study a theoretical framework and methodology. In relation to other researchers and theorists, compare yourself also.  Moreover, present how a discrepancy is resolved by your research or adds to a debate. As a stand-alone assignment, you would also have to write a literature review. In this scenario, the goal is to assess the current state of research and show your understanding of academic debates around a topic.

In each case, the material will appear slightly unique, but the method of carrying out a literature review follows the same process.

Phase 1: Look for literature that is important.

For literature review, you may require a clear meaning subject. However, If you write a research paper in the review section, you can check for literature related to your research topic and questions. As a stand-alone job, if you are conducting a review of the literature, you will have to choose a subject and create a major question to guide your search. This question has to be answerable without obtaining original data, unlike a dissertation study question. Based only on a study of current publications, you should be able to address it.

Create a keyword list

Start by generating an order of main words relevant to your query for study. Include each of the main principles or variables in which you are involved, and list any synonyms and words associated with them. To find out if an article is important to your query, read the abstract. Moreover, You can search the bibliography to find other relevant sources when you find a useful article or document.

Phase 2: Assess and choose sources

You will certainly not be able to read absolutely anything on the subject that has been written-you will have to decide which sources are most important to your questions. To find out if an article is important to your query, read the abstract. After that, You can search the bibliography to find other related sources when you find a useful book or document. Take notice of recurrent citations to identify the most significant publications on your subject. If your reading tends to involve the same authors, books or posts, make sure to search for them.

Ask yourself for each publication:

  • What question or issue is being answered by the author?
  • How are the central themes defined?
  • What are the hypotheses, methodologies that are crucial? Does the study use structures developed or take an innovative approach?
  • What are the study’s outcomes and conclusions?
  • How does the publication connect in the field to other literature? Does it affirm, add to, or question information established?
  • How does your interpretation of the subject contribute to the publication? What are the key perspectives and points of argument?
  • What are the research’s strengths and weaknesses?

Make sure the references you use are reliable, and make sure that in your area of study you read some landmark studies and major theories. Your review’s breadth will depend on your subject and discipline.

Phase 3: Define topics, conversations, and gaps

You should look for the following things depending on your reading and notes:

Topics: What are the problems or ideas in literature?

Debates, disagreements and contradictions: where do sources disagree with each other?

Gaps: What literature is missing? Are there shortcomings that have to be addressed?

Phase 4: Illustrate the framework of your literature review

In arranging the body of a literature review, there are different methods. You may combine all of these techniques, focusing on the duration of your review of the literature .

Chronological Documents

If you select this method, be careful not to simply list and summarize the resources  in a symmetry. Try to examine trends, turning topics and main points that have influenced the field’s course. Give complete understanding of changes.


Always arranged your literature review into different parts that cover different features of the topic. Also identify the repeating things if they are present in the literature review.

Methodological Scenario

You will want to contrast the observations and results that come from different strategies if you choose your sources from multiple disciplines or fields that use a range of methodologies.


The basis for a theoretical structure is also a literature review.

Phase 5: Write your review of literature

Your literature review, like any other scholarly text, should have an introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. What you provide in each of them depends on your literature review’s target.


Literature review  of a research paper should be clear .  Moreover try to provide a clear definition in the introduction.

Main content:

Break the main content of the body into subsections depending upon the length of your literature review. Further more try always to try to use subheadings for every explanation.

Tips for Writing Literature Review

Recapitulate and synthesize: provide a summary of each source’s key points and mix them into a cohesive whole.

Analyze and interpret: don’t just paraphrase other scholars, also add your own interpretations, analyze the importance of results in relation to the literature as a whole, where possible.

Consider analytically: as a result, list the strengths and limitations of your sources.

Write in well-structured sections: Furthermore, to make links, similarities and parallels using transition terms and subject phrases.

How to do Research?



We are pleased to have Dr. Bano as Our Guest Author. She is PhD in Chemical engineering and have many distinctions for her outstanding performance in Research. She is winner of Many national and International Scholarships.

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