Research methods are the tools or instructions used to fulfill the goals and requirements of a research or study. It seems as a methodology or systematic function in which different instruments and methods would be used.
There is no use of a research methodology if it is not being implemented effectively. As well as, research initiates by inquiring the right questions in a right way and selecting the write procedure to investigate such questions. After the collection of right answers ,you can get proper analysis and conclusions based on such questions and answers.
Types of Research Methods
There are two main types of research methods:
1-Qualitative research method
2-Quantitative research method
1- Qualitative Research Method
In this type of research, various conversational techniques are used for collection of data. People included in this type of method have to answer different types of questions. There responses are usually gathered on a random basis which is mostly not calculated. Also this method helps the researchers to know not only the thinking of participants but also it helps the researchers to know the method of thinking of participants.
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Types of Qualitative research method
- One to one interview
In this method, face to face questions are being asked to the participants one by one. In this type of session, researchers have to prepare the questions in advance so that they can conduct the interview at the spot. Furthermore, the host is allowed to conduct only essential questions from the participant. The time duration of this interview is usually of twenty to thirty minutes. In this time researchers have to inquire as much as questions as he or she can do so that the researchers can draw possible results from it.
2. Focus squad
Focus squads consist of small group of people that have better qualities and are mostly experts in the subject matter. Moreover, this small group of people usually includes 6 to 10 participants. A debate is usually held in this method between the squads to discuss the subject matter.
This debate is usually conducted in the presence of an instructor. The instructor should be experienced because his or her experience will play an important role in the debate. The instructor may help the participants to ask valid questions which would help them to gather valuable amount of information about the research.
3. Ethnographic method of research
In this method, people are usually observed in their natural ecosystems. This would help to gather valuable and authentic information. This method is mostly recommended because the researcher get the chance to enter in the personal environment of the people. Geographic limitations can act as a boundary as well in this type of qualitative research method. Moreover, rather than taking interviews of people ,the researcher will get the chance to experience the routine life of people which proves beneficial for him .
4. Content analysis
In this method, an analysis is done by the researchers on the basis of the decoding of documentation available to them. This is a different kind of research. The researchers read and learn the background in which the content is written and then tries to draw conclusions from it. This type of research is most common now a days on many online platforms for the conductness of different researches.
5. Case study
This type of research method is mostly used by any organization or company. This type of research is being used in different sectors like education, philosophy and psychology etc. This is modern type of research seems a good source for collection of data.